The survey Reports, are broken up into 7 different volumes with two atlases, a total of 9 different publications that took over 10 years to complete, they are as follows.
- Vol. I. Systematic Geology (1878)
- Vol. II. Descriptive Geology (1877)
- Vol. III. Minning Industry (1870), with an accompanying atlas of maps
- Vol. IV. Paleontology Part 1 & 2 and Ornithology Part 3 (1877)
- Vol. V. Botney (1871)
- Vol. VI. Microscopical petrography
- Vol. VII Odontornithes
- Atlas accompanying the report of the Geological Exploration of the Fortieth Parallel. by Clarence King, U. S. geologist-in-charge. 1876. Julius Bien, Lithographer. Folio, 2 11., (title and legend), 1 single and 11 double folio sheets (1 single folio map, 10 double folio maps, 1 double folio section).
- Atlas accompanying Volume III on Mining Industry. [List of plates.] Engraved and printed by Julius Bien, New York. Folio, 11. (title page), 14 plates.
much of the information is listed throughout those volumes however it’s also summarized the book, Timothy H. O’Sullivan The King Survey Photographs, by Keith F. Davis & Jane L. Aspinwall.
The Survey raced an overlapping network of paths across the fortieth parallel territory. The group moved from one base camp to another, then regularly broke into smaller units that traced their own paths out from, and back to, the main camp. The survey reports contain several records of those routes. A precise map of Sereno Watson’s path in 1867-69 is included in his Botany report (1871) and Ridgways Ornithology provides dates and descriptions for each place of encampment. Although some ambiguities remain, these sources trace the survey’s main activity in these critical first three years.
Arriving from New York to San Fransico California in early June of 1867 the base survey team finished acquiring their gear, then took the river to Sacramento. then throughout much of June, they camped Near Sacramento.
July 3rd, 1867 the survey team started east crossing Donner pass. then establishing their 1st base camp was located in a town identified as Glendale Crossing, a small village on the Truckee River, in what we now call Victorian Square, Sparks, Nevada
That town was originally named Stone and Gates Crossing, eventually becoming the town of Glendale. Present day has absorbed the town of Glendale as part of Sparks, Nevada, Glendale’s main street was as we now call it VIctorian Ave. in Sparks, Nevada.
This single room school was 1st opened in Glendale in 1864, today it’s located on Victorian Ave. between 9th and 10th street.
from there the survey moved the base camp to Cowle’s Station, near Wadsworth, Nevada
where they stayed from July 23 to August 20th This photo is described as Camp12 by Bend of Truckee River. it’s further described in Vol. II Descriptive Geology as being located a couple of miles south of Wadsworth. The area, amazing now identified as the Big Bend RV Park, in Wadsworth Nevada and most people drive right past the bluff photographed and across the river as they travel on highway 80 through the forgotten town of Wadsworth.
Wadsworth, Nevada is one of the gateways to Pyramid lake the black rock desert and is famous for hosting a movie about the transcontinental railroad, and the main railroad station and yard prior to Reno. also one of the signs on the highway boasting pyramid lake, uses one of O’Sullivan’s photos.
During the Survey’s time at Camp 12, a small group including O’Sullivan borrowed a boat to navigate Pyramid lake and were told that they could take the river from Wadsworth to the lake. it’s said the group spent about 5 days, full of misadventures navigating the lake and its shorelines. The Survey teams also visited Winnemucca Lake, the Carson Sink, and Humboldt Sink.
from Camp 12 the Survey traveled along the immigrant trail to Oreana, where they only stayed a few days as most of the survey team was suffering from Malaria, from where they moved to and through Wright Canyon to Unionville. where they established a primary base camp for almost six weeks from September 14th to October 28th
while in Unionville King and James Hague made a long excursion into Idaho, to see silver mines and then to The Dalles, Oregon to study fossils.
on October 28th the main survey with word from King traveled back through Oreana to Glendale Crossings. where they resided for nearly a month returning to Pyramid Lake to finish the work that was interrupted by the malaria outbreak.
On December of 2nd of 1867, the survey party moved to winter quarters in Carson City, Nevada, while King Stayed in Virginia City.
from Mid January to early February O’Sullivan photographed around Virginia city as
well in the Gould & Curry and Savage mines. using magnesium flares for lighting.
Then, in late March while many of the survey team remained in their winter quarters a small group including O’Sullivan ventured down to Mono Lake in California. while this was outside of the Survey the alkaline waters and evidence of volcanic activity were of great interest to the geologist.
– to be continued Survey time line 1868 –